The reconstruction of the hall of the Museum of the History of Bologna, in MeshLab. "The Etruscan artist's interest focused on the upper half of the figures, especially on the vibrant faces and gesticulating arms."[1]. It is 1.14 m high by 1.9 m wide, and is made of terracotta which was once brightly painted. Sarcophagus definition is - a stone coffin; broadly : coffin. 5 synonyms of sarcophagus from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 8 related words, definitions, and antonyms. sarcophagus definition: 1. a stone coffin, often decorated, that was used in ancient times 2. a stone coffin, often…. sarcophagus: 1 n a stone coffin (usually bearing sculpture or inscriptions) Type of: casket , coffin box in which a corpse is buried or cremated Definition of sarcophagus in the Definitions.net dictionary. Sarcophagus: a boxlike container for holding a dead body. Now displayed at the National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome, it represents an Etruscan husband and wife, reclining together at a banquet in the afterlife. The Sarcophagus of the Spouses: everlasting Etruscan love. Also, we must admire the technical challenge of creating such a large-scale ensemble made with clay. One of the distinguishing features of Etruscan society, and one that caused much shock and horror to their Greek neighbors, was the relative freedom enjoyed by Etruscan women. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is a late sixth-century BC Etruscan anthropoid sarcophagus from Caere, and is in the National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome. Unlike women in ancient Greece or Rome, upper class Etruscan women actively participated in public life—attending banquets, riding in carriages and being spectators at (and participants in) public events. Sarcophagus of the Spouses, c. 520 B.C.E., Etruscan, painted terracotta, 3 feet 9-1/2 inches x 6 feet 7 inches, found in the Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri (Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia in Rome) Unlike in the Greek world, where banquets were reserved for men, the Etruscan woman, who held an important place in society, is represented here at her husband's side, in the same proportions and in a similar pose. Cite this page as: Dr. Jeffrey A. Becker, ", Featured | Art that brings U.S. history to life, At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. It is 1.14 m high by 1.9 m wide, and is … Sarcophagus definition, a stone coffin, especially one bearing sculpture, inscriptions, etc., often displayed as a monument. Tiny timeline: ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in a global context, 5th–3rd millennia B.C.E. The couple covered by a sheet, possibly the husbands cloak or tebenna that serves as a symbol of their marriage. Produced by the Etruscans, it served as an ornate burial container for citizens in a civilisation that believed very strongly in th… Sarcophagus of the Spouses Beyoncé and Jay-Z recreate the iconic pose of an Etruscan husband and wife, with a tad more intimacy. [4], "The "Sarcophagus of the Spouses" | Louvre Museum | Paris", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarcophagus_of_the_Spouses&oldid=973282464, Articles containing Italian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 August 2020, at 10:53. Bey lovingly leans into Jay, wearing a … Did You Know? See more. However, its function remains uncertain because burial and cremation were both practiced by the Etruscans. The portrayal of a married couple sharing a banqueting couch is distinctly an Etruscan style; in contrast, Greek vases depicting banquet scenes reflect the custom that only men attended dinner parties. 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